Friday, November 19, 2010

Hormones ,Thyroid gland,Pancreas,Oxytocin,Pineal gland,Pituitary gland


Hormones chemical messengers of the body-Hormones

Blood carries hormones to different parts of the body .

Largest endocrine gland - Thyroid gland.

Cortisol prevents allergy & inflammation .So it is used for arthritis & Asthma

Adrenal glands are seen above the kidney like a cap.

Cortex of adrenal gland secretes sex hormones like Oestrogen and androgen

Medulla of adrenal gland secretes Andrenaline and non-adrenaline.

Adrenaline is known as emergency hormone .

Pancreas consists of group of endocrine cells called islets of Langerhans.It secretes two hormones namely insulin and glucagon .These hormones maintain the level of glucose in blood .

Oxytocin helps in the contraction of uterus ,so that it helps in easy delivery and also helps in milk secretion.

Pineal gland is called the 'Biological Clock'.It secrets two hormones namely Melatonin and secrotonine .
Thyroid gland is otherwise called 'Adam's apple '.

Pituitary gland is called Master gland .

'Juvenile hormone ' ,is known as Thymus gland.

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